The Russians originally called the Kazakhs 'Kirgiz' and later Kirghiz-Kaisak to distinguish them from the Kyrgyz proper. In addition, a number of Kazakh communities can be found in various cities and towns spread throughout the country. A group of Kazakhs, originally numbering over people when expelled from Sinkiang by Sheng Shih-ts'ai in , was reduced, after repeated massacres by their Chinese coreligionists under Ma Pu-fang, to a scattered people. Université des sciences et techniques de Lille, U.
The Kazakhs believed in the supernatural forces of good and evil spirits, of wood goblins and giants. To protect themselves from them, as well as from the evil eye, the Kazakhs wore protection beads and talismans. Shamanic beliefs are still widely preserved among the Kazakhs, as well as belief in the strength of the bearers of this worship—the shamans, which the Kazakhs call bakhsy.
In contradistinction to the Siberian shamans, who used drums during their rituals, the Kazakh shamans, who could also be men or women, played with a bow on a stringed instrument similar to a large violin. At present both Islamic and pre-Islamic beliefs continue to be found among the Kazakhs, especially among the elderly. According to mitochondrial DNA studies  where sample consisted of only individuals , the main maternal lineages of Kazakhs are: An analysis of ancient Kazakhs found that East Asian haplogroups such as A and C did not begin to move into the Kazakh steppe region until around the time of the Xiongnu 1st millennia BCE , which is around the onset of the Sargat Culture as well Lalueza-Fox In a sample of 54 Kazakhs and Altaian Kazakh, the main paternal lineages of Kazakhs are: Because of this lack of homogeneity among Kazakhs in regard to Y-chromosome DNA, the real percentage of present-day Kazakhs who belong to each Y-DNA haplogroup may differ from the percentages found in this study depending on the proportion of each tribe in the total population of Kazakhs.
Historical population of Kazakhs: In Russia , the Kazakh population lives primarily in the regions bordering Kazakhstan. Though ethnically Kazakh, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in , these people acquired Russian citizenship.
Kazakhs migrated into Dzungaria in the 18th century after the Dzungar genocide resulted in the native Buddhist Dzungar Oirat population being massacred.
Thousands of Kazakhs fled to China during the — famine in Kazakhstan. From Northern Xinjiang over 7, Kazakhs fled to the Tibetan-Qinghai plateau region via Gansu and were wreaking massive havoc so Ma Bufang solved the problem by relegating the Kazakhs into designated pastureland in Qinghai, but Hui, Tibetans, and Kazakhs in the region continued to clash against each other. Tibetans attacked and fought against the Kazakhs as they entered Tibet via Gansu and Qinghai.
Tibetan troops robbed and killed Kazakhs miles east of Lhasa at Chamdo when the Kazakhs were entering Tibet. In , , and from — Qumil Eliqsan led approximately 18, Kerey Kazakhs to migrate to Gansu, entering Gansu and Qinghai. In the 19th century, the advance of the Russian Empire troops pushed Kazakhs to neighboring countries. In around , part of the Middle Jüz Kazakhs came to Mongolia and were allowed to settle down in Bayan-Ölgii, Western Mongolia and for most of the 20th century they remained an isolated, tightly knit community.
In addition, a number of Kazakh communities can be found in various cities and towns spread throughout the country. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the vast majority of Kazakhs are returning to Kazakhstan, mainly to Manghistau Oblast. Iran bought Kazakh slaves who were falsely masqueraded as Kalmyks by slave dealers from the Khiva and Turkmens.
Iranian Kazakhs live mainly in Golestan Province in northern Iran. Afghan Kypchaks, together with the Durzais and Kakars , two other tribes of Pushtun origin, constitute the Taymani tribe.
There are approximately , Afghan Kipchaks. Many are skilled in the performance of Kazakh traditional songs. One of the most commonly used traditional musical instruments of the Kazakhs is the dombra , a plucked lute with two strings. It is often used to accompany solo or group singing. Another popular instrument is kobyz , a bow instrument played on the knees. Along with other instruments, these two instruments play a key role in the traditional Kazakh orchestra.
A notable composer is Kurmangazy , who lived in the 19th century. After studying in Moscow, Gaziza Zhubanova became the first woman classical composer in Kazakhstan, whose compositions reflect Kazakh history and folklore.
A notable singer of the Soviet epoch is Roza Rymbaeva , she was a star of the trans-Soviet-Union scale. A notable Kazakh rock band is Urker , performing in the genre of ethno-rock, which synthesises rock music with the traditional Kazakh music.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Cossacks. For other uses, see Kazakh disambiguation. Kazakh language and Kazakh alphabet. Kazakh exodus from Xinjiang. Estimates made after the Census claim Kazakh population share growth was 0. Official Uzbekistan estimation E. Sadovskaya "Migration in Kazakhstan in the beginning of the 21st century: If Kazakh population share was stable at about 4. Foreign-born population excluding population born at sea, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 16 July Retrieved 18 March Distribution of population by nationality. Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 12 July National composition of the population. Botschaft der Republik Kasachstan in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland". Retrieved 5 February Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Archived from the original on 12 June Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 16 February Archived copy as title link.
Medical and Health Science Journal. Four Studies on the History of Central Asia. Retrieved 7 April Archived from the original on Baddeley , MacMillan, London. Central Asia and the Caucasus: The Making of a Colonial Empire, — , pg.
Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World's Cultures , pg. The Politics of Identity and Security", pg. Beliefs and Observances , pg. Bennett and Frederika A. Y-chromosomal insights into central Asia". American Academy of Political and Social Science. Retrieved 28 June A group of Kazakhs, originally numbering over people when expelled from Sinkiang by Sheng Shih-ts'ai in , was reduced, after repeated massacres by their Chinese coreligionists under Ma Pu-fang, to a scattered people.
Tibet and Nationalist China's Frontier: Intrigues and Ethnopolitics, — The Kazaks of China: Though many came back, the Kazakhs maintain close ties to family in either country. Today, many Kazakhs in Bayan-Olgii maintain traditional semi-nomadic herding by moving with their animals several times a year, and living in a Kazakh style ger larger and taller than a Mongolian ger during the summer.
All Kazakhs keep close ties to extended families. Tradition requires that one must not marry anyone related within 9 generations. As a result, upon meeting each other, Kazakhs always tell if and how they are related.
This is not their only tradition, though. The most visible expression of tradition one will notice is the world famous art work of these nomadic people of the steppe. Kazakhs are famous around the world for their intricately embroidered wall hangings tuskies used on ger yurt walls. A typical ger may have 5 to 7 wall hangings that can take hours to hand stitch each.
This design is used for a wide variety of traditional clothes, home furnishings, and accessories. The Kazakhs are not only known for their artwork, but also for their incredible friendliness. After meeting a Kazakh, you will be impressed by the generous hospitality expressed through expansive meals with many dishes and countless cups of milk tea and sweets.
Like other tribes of the steppe, Kazakhs love to sing and play music. After dinner or while travelling, one will pull out a dombra, the national instrument of the Kazakhs, and play a traditional folk songs that reminds one of the time of the great warriors of Central Asia.
Living is such a sparse land; they make the most of celebrations, with music, dancing, and horse games. But whatever time of year you visit Bayan-Olgii, you should go see a family. Kazakhs love to laugh and enjoy company. Listen to Kazakh music, and maybe sing a song for them. By the time you leave, both of you will call each other brothers, and you will never forget the incredible hospitality and spirit of the Kazakhs.
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Bayan Triko Kazak Bordo BagcıklıKumaş Özelliği: %50 Wool %50 AkrilikÜrün Boy: 62 cmKalıp: 36 - 38 - 40 BedenAstar: Yok Esneklik: Var. Bayan-Olgii is a unique place in Mongolia, home of the Kazakh ethnic group. The Kazakhs have a rich culture, close extended families, and many traditions that are still practiced today that are centuries old. Bayan Triko Kazak Kemik kolu aynalı ajurlu Kumaş Özelliği: %50 Wool %50 AkrilikBayan Kazak Kemik Ürün Boy: 62 cmKalıp: 36 - 38 - 40 - 42 -Beden ArasıAstar: Yok Esneklik: VarBayan Triko Kazak Kemik kolu aynalı ajurlu.